What is Gum Disease?

The National institute of dental and craniofacial research states: Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque to build up on teeth.
Plaque is a sticky biofilm that develops on teeth as a result of the bacteria that naturally live in the mouth. Inflammation is a large factor and indicator in gum disease..

Stage One

  • Gingivitis(gum inflammation): The early stage of Periodontal disease. It develops as plaque irritates the gums. Without bone loss.

Stage Two and Three

  • Slight to moderate Periodontal disease: At this stage you will most likely see moderate to severe inflammation as well as moderate to severe bleeding.  An infection of the gums and bones that support the teeth. Progressing bone loss due to continued destruction of the surrounding tissue and bone.

Stage Four

  • Advanced Periodontal disease: Severe bone loss (50-85%) from the tooth root. At this stage eating and even smiling can be difficult. Heavy bleeding and inflammation may be visible.  Most likely associated with pain or discomfort.